How To Engage with A Paystub Like a Pro?

How To Engage with A Paystub Like a Pro?


When employees receive their salary slips, a second document is attached to it. The paystub will mention the deductions and gross figures. It will conclude with the direct deposit figure too. However, before the figure, you will notice the following deductions on the stub:

Gross pay


Paychecks stubs will begin by mentioning the gross pay. This is the salary before federal, local, and state taxes are deducted. In addition, the employer will also account for retirement, social security, and medical insurance. You will notice that gross pay is mentioned in the hiring contract when the employer hires the candidate.

Tax withholding

Tax withholding will factor into the tax bracket. Most countries implement a progressive income tax slab table where high-income earners will pay more taxes. On the other hand, federal taxes are minimum if you earn less. Federal taxes are direct taxes that the government will collect before the salary is transferred.

Government taxes

Other than federal taxes, the paystub will also mention provincial or state taxes. These also follow a tax slab system. However, a flat rate also commonly relates to the employment industry. In rare cases, there are no provincial taxes which simplifies the situation. In addition, state individuals also categorize individuals as residents or non-residents.


An employee paystub will also mention non-monetary benefits such as dental, life, or disability. These deductions vary according to the employment contract. Therefore, benefits are a crucial section in the paystub that mentions the deductions from the gross pay so the employee can estimate the salary.

Federal deductions

One of the significant deductions in paystubsis from the federal categories. The Federal Insurance Contributions Act consist of Medicare and Social security. These are deducted regardless of the income as they operate nationally. Therefore, a registered company will include these in the stub for public welfare.

Retirement deductions

A typical paystub entry is also retirement contributions. An employer may offer numerous retirement plans, such as a pension, 403b, and 401k, that match the details in the employment contract. If there is a discrepancy, we insist you communicate with the employer to eliminate the misunderstanding.


A wage garnishment is a rare entry in the paystub. A garnishment usually includes an amount that the employer will hold back to pay for a debt. The deduction follows with the lending contract. Typical examples in the garnishment categories are child support or tax bill.

Back pay

The pay rate will not stay the same when working in an organization. Therefore, the employer will separately mention back pay when the employment rate changes from hourly to salaried individual. However, the situation can be reversible too. You will notice the category when an individual changes rank or company.

Net salary

After the deductions as mentioned above are finalized and mentioned in the paystub, the conclusive figure of net pay is reached. The employer will boldly mention the figure at the bottom right to capture the employee’s attention. This is the finalized amount transferred to the bank account and is crucial when accepting a new job.


If you have further queries about the paystub or the content mentioned therein, we encourage you to meet with the manager or the company’s human resource department. They will eliminate misconceptions and provide clarifications about the deductions.